Detection of Obstacle-Free Gaps for Mobile Robot Applications Using 2-D LIDAR Data

  • Suat KARAKAYA
  • Gürkan KÜÇÜKYILDIZ
  • Hasan OCAK
Keywords: Gap detection, Mobile robot, 2D Range finder

Abstract

Mobile robotics is one of the most studied scientific and technological fields, which is still in progress. Several research interests such as path
planning, point stabilization, localization, obstacle avoidance and passable gap detection are commonly studied fields. Gap detection task affects the path planning characteristics of a mobile robot. Especially under presence of limited information about robot’s environment, passable
gap detection is necessary for steering the mobile robot towards a goal autonomously. This paper concentrates on passable gap detection for
unconstructed environments, which contain only positive obstacles. The method considers specific obstacle configurations such as presence of
wall-type obstacle, maze type environments and random placed small sized obstacles. The method proposed in this study is based on reading
distance of the obstacles in a certain range and detecting the borders of passable gaps. The detected gaps are re-organized depending on the
priority assigned by the robot’s passage order of the gaps. The proposed method not only utilizes simple derivation of the measurement data but
also extracts hidden gaps in the environment. The proposed scheme assumes the mobile robot is equipped with laser range sensor (LIDAR). A
real LIDAR is utilized and adapted to the developed algorithm. The algorithm is developed in Matlab.

Published
2019-06-08
Section
Articles